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som: DO SOM THİNG IIE +34,000 high school college students skipped school today in Belgium to force politicians to take climate change more seriously.
som: DO SOM THİNG
 IIE
+34,000 high school  college students skipped school today in Belgium to force politicians to take climate change more seriously.

+34,000 high school college students skipped school today in Belgium to force politicians to take climate change more seriously.

som: wine-loving-vagabond A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeil, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud (via Ridiculously Interesting) dduane (sigh) I've seen these before, but this one's particularly beautiful. hungrylikethewolfie I feel like I'm supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that's been preserved for thousands of years, and don't get me wrong, that's hella cool. But honestly, I'm mostly struck by the unexpected news that "bread fraud" was apparently once a serious concem. ironychan Bread Fraud was a huge thing, Bread was provided to the Roman people by the govermment bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and wouid add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down. dancingspirals Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to dentify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdie cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. it's a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever traudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn't easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hoie, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stoien dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of ruies and records of people being shifty Check out Fabulous Feasts. Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Peiner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400 Plus the color plates are fantastic hjuliana ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL thisandthathistoryblog l found som ething too awesome not share with you! I'm completely fascinated by the history of food, could I choose a similar topic for my Third Year Dissertation? Who knows, but it is very interesting all the same! youmightbeamisogynist fraud us actually where the concept of a bakers dozen came from Undersized rolis/loaves/whatever were added to the dozen purchased to ensure that the total weight evened out so the baker couldn't be punished for shorting someone. donesparce wants to talk about bread fraud laws and punishments holds it inj bread police Bread Police! Open up!
som: wine-loving-vagabond
 A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeil,
 preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings
 visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were
 required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud
 (via
 Ridiculously Interesting)
 dduane
 (sigh) I've seen these before, but this one's particularly beautiful.
 hungrylikethewolfie
 I feel like I'm supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread
 that's been preserved for thousands of years, and don't get me wrong, that's
 hella cool. But honestly, I'm mostly struck by the unexpected news that "bread
 fraud" was apparently once a serious concem.
 ironychan
 Bread Fraud was a huge thing, Bread was provided to the Roman people by
 the govermment bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of
 them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and wouid add
 various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead
 So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp
 told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.
 dancingspirals
 Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in
 Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to
 dentify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about
 size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced
 back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle
 cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage
 in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in
 London being sent on a hurdie cart because he used an iron rod to increase
 the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who
 was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they
 wanted to continue baking
 If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. it's a
 flat board used to shape the bread. Clever traudsters came up with a molding
 board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn't easily noticed. A customer
 would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that
 dough through the hoie, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the
 stoien dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned
 in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also
 instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive
 up the price of that, and things like bread
 Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of
 the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were
 probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so
 many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of ruies and records of
 people being shifty
 Check out Fabulous Feasts. Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine
 Peiner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400
 Plus the color plates are fantastic
 hjuliana
 ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL
 thisandthathistoryblog
 l found som
 ething too awesome not share with you!
 I'm completely fascinated by the history of food, could I choose a similar topic
 for my Third Year Dissertation? Who knows, but it is very interesting all the
 same!
 youmightbeamisogynist
 fraud us actually where the concept of a bakers dozen came from
 Undersized rolis/loaves/whatever were added to the dozen purchased to
 ensure that the total weight evened out so the baker couldn't be punished for
 shorting someone.
 donesparce
 wants to talk about bread fraud laws and punishments
 holds it inj
 bread police
Bread Police! Open up!

Bread Police! Open up!